When it comes to developing faster and leaner websites, the best option you have is to use a static site generator over more complex Content Management Systems like WordPress. In this post, we take a look at some of the top static site generators we have available as an option.

Static Site Generators

Choosing static sites over dynamic ones is great for cutting down infrastructure cost, removing security worries and increasing performance. Our criteria for picking these static site builders were their popularity, presence of an active community around them as well as availability of good set of plug-ins, themes and templates for customization. All the tools listed below are Open Source and free to use.

1. Jekyll

Jekyll Static Site Generator

Jekyll is a blog-aware static site generator and is the engine behind GitHub Pages, which you can use to host sites right from your GitHub repositories.

Jekyll is powered by Ruby, however knowledge of Ruby language is not necessarily required for using Jekyll. It uses files written in Markdown formats and converts them into static HTML pages. Additionally Liquid tags are used for templating. Jekyll provides good documentation on how to migrate from other environments.

2. Middleman

Middleman Static Site Generator

Middleman is another popular static site generator built with Ruby. It is considered to be more flexible than Jekyll however, it can be slightly more complex than Jekyll to setup for beginners. Similar to Jekyll, Middleman has great community support and extensive documentation to get you started.

3. Hugo

Hugo Static Site Generator

Hugo is a static website engine built with the Go programming language. It is known for its speed taken to generate static websites. Just like any other static site, sites built with Hugo can be deployed on S3, GitHub Pages, Dropbox or any other web host.

4. Hexo

Hexo Static Site Generator

Next, we have Hexo, a fast & powerful blog framework built on top of Node.js. With availability of plug-ins and support for Markdown, Hexo is another good option specially for JavaScript & Node.js lovers.

5. Pelican

Pelican Static Site Generator

Pelican is a static site generator, written in Python, which supports content in reStructuredText, Markdown, or AsciiDoc formats. Pelican also supports import from WordPress, RSS feed or other services. Do take a look at Pelican if you are developing with Python.

6. Sculpin

Sculpin Static Site Generator

Sculpin is a static site generator written in PHP. It converts Markdown files, Twig templates or standard HTML into a static HTML site that is easily deployable. If your language of choice is PHP, you’ll feel right at home with Sculpin. Sculpin embeds Composer to keep your source control focused and projects consistent.

7. Harp

Harp Static Site Generator

Harp is a static web server with built-in preprocessing capabilities making it ideal for generating static pages. Harp understands Jade, Markdown, EJS, CoffeScript, Sass & Less and can serve them as HTML, CSS & JavaScript without needing any configuration.

8. Metalsmith

Metalsmith Static Site Generator

Metalsmith is a pluggable static site generator. All of the logic in Metalsmith is handled by plugins and you can chain multiple plugins together to get the final output. Since the core library is actually just an abstraction for manipulating a directory of files, Metalsmith is capable of doing much more than just static site generation. It can be used to generate PDF, ePUB or MOBI e-books, generate documentation and much more.

9. Cactus

Cactus Static Site Generator

Cactus is a static site generator available for the Mac platform and is capable of working with Sass, SCSS and CoffeeScript. The template engine is based on Django and they include starting templates such as a blog, portfolio or single page. Cactus is great when you want to deploy your sites on Amazon S3.

Before you opt for Static Sites

Before you get started with static websites generators, you must know that these generators are ideal for generating static HTML pages along with any required CSS and JavaScript for your websites. They, by definition, lack implementing server side dynamic features such as session management or a database. Depending on your use case, this could be a benefit (better security & performance) or a serious blocker (like absence of user management system).

If you are building a website for your business or startup then there are many options that you may want to consider instead of a static site. These options include creating a website with a CMS like WordPress or using a website builder such as Wix. To get started with these options, you can check out these free WordPress themes or these free website builder reviews.

In case of static site, you can rely on the client side JavaScript code and external services to implement dynamic content such as using Disqus for comments or Wufoo forms for contact forms. Ultimately, I would advise giving a thorough thought to your choice of static websites and know what you are building. With growing community around these static site generators, you are sure to find great helping hands in case you get stuck.

Please feel free to ask questions or leave your feedback about these static site generators in the comments below.

About the author

Kanishk Kunal

Kanishk is a passionate developer and creator of many successful apps and websites. He devotes most of his time punching his keyboard and swiping his smartphone. Follow him on Twitter @kanishkkunal

2 comments

  1. Ellie says:

    One dummy question :)
    I don’t really understand the programminh language site gen. is built on, does it restrict the choice of (free) hosting that is hosting should be able to interpret specific language the site is built on (site gen. language) ?

    1. Hi Ellie, all these static site generators produce simple HTML+CSS+JavaScript files which don’t need server side interpretation and can be hosted using any hosting providers. Regardless of the programming language the static gen is built-on, you can setup a local development environment and compile the static site on your local dev machine. The generated webpages can then be moved to your hosting provider via FTP or other methods.

      On the other hand, if you choose Jekyll, you will be able to host your site for free on GitHub pages and GitHub will also take care of compiling your static site. If you are interested in this approach then I would recommend you to read this guide by Smashing Magazine.

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